Commentary on the Gospel of
The first reading shows Judaism trying to control the Gentile Christians. The men from Judaea attempt to tie down these new followers with Judaic customs. It takes women and men who are anchored in Jesus to know which shackles are to be broken.
John attempts the anchoring in Jesus. The vine and branches metaphor shows that God is indwelling, not external to us! And in order to have that God-life, church-membership is not enough. We develop an intimate union with Jesus. The sacramental life helps, and more is needed like getting involved in the lives of the poor, in whom the same Christ is more visible.